Sugandhakokila Oil

Cinnamomum glaucescens in wild

  • Botanical Name:Cinnamomum glaucescens (Nees) Hand.-Mazz..
  • Synonym:Cecidodaphne glacucecens Nees; Tetranthera glaucescens Wall.
  • Family:Lauraceae
  • Local Names:Sugandhakokila, Malagiri
  • English Name:Nepalese Sassafras

Plant Description

It is a medium sized tree reaching up to 15m high. Leaves are stalked, elliptic to ovate, pointed. Flowers are yellowish. Fruits globose, green on young and turns black when ripe. It is distributed in western and central Nepal within the altitude of 1000m to 2500m, mostly along the river banks.


Sugandhakokila oil is extracted by steam distillation from the dried berries of Cinnamomum glaucescens.


The oil has wide range of medicinal properties and used as analgesic, astringent, carminative, digestive, relaxant. Similarly, it is used in arthritis, joint and muscular pains, neuralgia, rheumatism, sprain, dyspepsia, colic, headache, insomnia, nervous tension etc.

Organoleptic Properties

  • Appearance:Fluid liquid
  • Colour:Golden Yellow
  • Aroma:Camphoraceous, Spicy

Physico-Chemical Properties

  • Specific gravity:0.88106 to 0.94497 at 25° C
  • Optical rotation:[-] 10.5° to [-] 20.5° at 25° C
  • Refractive index:1.4870 to 1.4975 at 25° C
  • Acid number:0.5 to 6.5
  • Ester number:Not less than 65
  • Ester number after acetylation:100 to 145
  • Solubility:Soluble in 0.4 to 2.5 vol. of 90% alcohol; turbid on addition of further alcohol

Active Constituents

Methyl cinnamate and 1,8-cineole are the major constituents of SugandhaKokila oil. Other compounds are safrole, myristicin and elemicin. The minor constituents are β-caryophyllene, α-terpineol, α-copaene, terpinen-4-ol, 2-undecanone, δ-cadinene, dodecanoic acid, α-santalene, 2-nonanone, styrene, α-thujene, α-pinene etc.


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